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River cruises including visit to Plyoss

Valaam travel agency provides a wide range of river cruises in 2012. Visiting Rybinsk, This page of our site will provide you with information about visit to the town of Plyoss. During a river cruise on the Volga you will be offered the following excursion in Plyoss: Hiking city tour visiting the museum of Levitan and Russian izba (peasants house) museum.

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View a list of river cruises: Cruises on the Volga River from St. Petersburg

Plyoss



Plyoss was founded by one of the Vladimir-and-Suzdal princes (presumably, Yury Dolgoruky) in the XIIth century on the lands belonging to a Finno-Ugric tribe of Merya. Plyoss was first mentioned in the chronicles in 1141. It was just developed as a town as according to medieval laws, a settlement protected with fortification could be called a town. Plyoss was built on the high right bank of the Volga as a military border fortress to defend the northern borders of Vladimir-and-Suzdal Rus against permanent military interventions of Volga Bulgaria. The trade and crafts people of Plyoss settled on tenements at the foot of Sobornaya (Cathedral) mountain on the territory of the contemporary embankment and Zarechye district.

The first Plyoss fortress was ruined in February 1238 during the first Tatar invasion into the Russian lands. However, the population was not completely eliminated and in 1410 the second fortress was built by the order of Moscow Prince Vasily I, the son of Dmitry Donskoy in place of the existing settlement.

The second Plyoss fortress was a part of a unified custom defense system, the Volga frontier, which was vital for Moscow princes to control the main line of Rus the Volga Route and protect it against Novgorod robbers, ushkuyniks, whose big river flotillas robbed Volga towns in the XVI century.
The last ushkuyniks raid on the Volga was in 1409, in 1410 the Plyoss custom-defense system was built. Besides the new fortress it included a natural stone maze in the Volga channel which hindered the passage of vessels. It is only Plyoss navigators who could ship by Vinnaya and Kosaya ridges, their services being available only to those who paid a duty or submitted a throughput charter.

The fortress was ruined in 1609 by the Poles and after that Ployss started developing as a major trade center on the Volga. It becomes a entrepot for wholesale trade in grain imported from the down the river provinces. Plyoss loses this importance after construction of a railroad in 1871 from Ivanovo-Vosnesensk to Kineshma preserving only local trade.

In 1888-90, Russian landscape painter I.I. Levitan comes to Plyoss. His works devoted to Plyoss attracted much attention to the town and its landscapes. Since that time Plyoss becomes a holiday vacation place for Moscow and Saint-Petersburg residents.

In 20-30ies holiday houses and sanatoriums were built and Plyoss was turned into a resort town. Nowadays there are 2882 residents.
Travel company "Valaam" offers a large selection of river and sea cruises to the most picturesque corners of Russia.
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